Leif Erikson

Leif Erikson (970 – 1020 AD) was an Icelandic explorer and the first known European to have discovered North America (excluding Greenland), before Christopher Columbus. According to the Sagas of Icelanders, Leif Erikson established a Norse settlement at location he called Vinland. This location is identified as possibly being located at L’Anse aux Meadows on the northern tip of Newfoundland in modern-day Canada. However, this location is not firm as later archaeological evidence suggests that Vinland may have been the areas around the Gulf of St. Lawrence and that the L’Anse aux Meadows site was a ship…

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Erik the Red

Erik the Red (Old Norse: Eiríkr hinn rauði) was a Norwegian Viking who founded the first Norse settlement in Greenland. Erik Thorvaldsson (Eiríkr Þorvaldsson) was born in 950 AD in the Jæren district of Rogaland, Norway and died in Greenland in the year 1003 AD.  He was the son of Thorvald Asvaldsson, whose violent actions would begin his son, Erik the Red’s, saga. The appellation “the Red” in Erik’s name most likely refers to his hair and beard color. Erik the Red and his wife Þjóðhildr (Thjodhildr) had four children: a daughter, Freydís, and three sons,…

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