The Bloody Trail of Erik the Red’s Daughter

Freydís Eiríksdóttir sailed to Vinland (North America) in the early 1000’s and was the daughter of the famous viking, Erik the Red. She is described as being Leif Erikson’s full sister in the Saga of the Greenlanders (Grœnlendinga Saga) and as being his half sister in the Saga of Erik the Red (Eiríks Saga Rauða). She also had two other brothers, Thorstein and Torvald. It’s unknown when she was born, but probably between the years 970-980 AD. Freydis was married to Torvard, (described as a weakling) and that they lived at Gardar. Freydis participated in two trips…

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Norse contact with Native Americans before the Viking Age

When the Vikings reached the New World, they called the native inhabitants (American Indians or Native Americans), “Skræling.” There has been much debate as to what exactly this word or label meant. Some translate it as “skin wearers,” which may be true as to how they described them. The Norse generally wore woolen or linen clothing and North American Natives generally wore animal skins. There was one thing that is puzzling about the Norse describing their interactions or meeting the Skræling. The Viking explorers weren’t curious or baffled by these…

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